Electronic Cigarettes are also known as: E-Cigs E-hookahs Mods Vape Pens Tank Systems Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS)
Electronic Cigarette Aerosol may contain: Nicotine Ultrafine particals Flavorings, such as diacetyl, "a chemical linked to a serious lung disease" Volatile organic compounds Cancer-causing chemicals Heavy metals (nickel, tin, lead)
The risks of electronic cigarettes for youth, young adults, and pregnant women include an addiction to nicotine, a substance toxic to developing fetuses, can harm adolescent brain development, harm the lungs, and can lead to the use of other addictive, harmful tobacco products.
The CDC states:
In the United States, youth are more likely than adults to use e-cigarettes in 2016, more than 2 million U.S. middle and high school students used e-cigarettes in the past 30 days, including 4.3% of middle school students and 11.3% of high school students. In 2016 3.2% of U.S. adults were current e-cigarette users In 2015, among adult e-cigarette users overall, 58.8% also were current regular cigarette smokers, 29.8% were former regular cigarette smokers, and 11.4% had never been regular cigarette smokers. Among current e-cigarette users aged 45 years and older in 2015, most were either current or former regular cigarette smokers, and 1.3% had never been cigarette smokers. In contrast, among current e-cigarette users aged 18-24 years, 40% had never been regular cigarette smokers.